Castle Journal

Castle Journal

By Henning Gloystein

SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Oil prices rose by 1 percent on Monday, with Brent hitting its highest level since November, driven up by a report the United States is preparing to announce that all imports of Iranian oil will have to end or be subject to sanctions.

Brent crude futures were at a November 2018 high of $72.70 per barrel at 0100 GMT, up 1 percent from their last close.

U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were at $64.70 per barrel, up 1 percent from their previous settlement.

The United States is preparing to announce on Monday that all buyers of Iranian oil will have to end their imports shortly or be subject to U.S. sanctions, a Washington Post columnist reported on Sunday.

Reuters was unable to independently verify the report. A State Department spokesman declined to comment.

The U.S. reimposed sanctions in November on exports of Iranian oil after President Donald Trump unilaterally pulled out of a 2015 nuclear accord between Iran and six world powers.

Washington, however, granted Iran's eight main buyers of oil, mostly in Asia, waivers to the sanctions which allowed them limited purchases for half-a-year.

The report comes amid an oil market that is already relatively tight.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will announce "that, as of May 2, the State Department will no longer grant sanctions waivers to any country that is currently importing Iranian crude or condensate", the Post's columnist Josh Rogin said, citing two State Department officials that he did not name.

"The path of least resistance remains higher (for oil prices)," said Stephen Innes, head of trading at SPI Asset Management, pointing to Saudi supply cuts, a decline in the U.S. rig count and supply disruptions from Libya to Venezuela as reasons for a tight market.

U.S. energy firms last week reduced the number of oil rigs operating by two, to 825, General Electric Co's Baker Hughes energy services firm said in its weekly report on Thursday.

Outside the United States, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has led supply cuts since the start of the year aimed at tightening global oil markets and to propping up crude prices.

Brent prices have risen by more than a third this year, while WTI has climbed more than 40 percent over the same period.



Volodymyr Zelensky, The famous Ukrainian comedian, who plays a fictional president in a popular TV show, is tipped to become Ukraine's next leader after a national exit poll showed  Zelensky as winner in a landslide victory in the presidential race.

Zelensky, who has no previous experience in politics, has won 73% of the vote, the poll forecast, surpassing his rival, incumbent Petro Poroshenko, who has won just 25% of the vote.

Zelensky and Poroshenko battled in a run-off vote to decide the country's next president on Sunday.

Poroshenko has said he has admitted defeat and would step down as president this month but told his supporters he would not leave politics.

"Dear Ukrainian, this month I will leave the post of the head of state. This is how the majority of Ukrainians have decided and I accept this decision. I will leave the office but I want to announce firmly: I will not leave politics, " he said.

Zelensky told a crowd of supporters on Sunday "we did it together. Thanks to everyone. Now there will be no pathetic speeches, I just want to say - thank you."

A Ukrainian comedian, who plays a fictional president in a popular TV show, is tipped to become Ukraine's next leader after a national exit poll showed Volodymyr Zelensky winning a landslide victory in a presidential race.

Zelensky, who has no previous experience in politics, has won 73% of the vote, the poll forecast, surpassing his rival, incumbent Petro Poroshenko, who has won just 25% of the vote.

Zelensky and Poroshenko battled in a run-off vote to decide the country's next president on Sunday.

Poroshenko has said he has admitted defeat and would step down as president this month but told his supporters he would not leave politics.

"Dear Ukrainian, this month I will leave the post of the head of state. This is how the majority of Ukrainians have decided and I accept this decision. I will leave the office but I want to announce firmly: I will not leave politics, " he said.

Zelensky told a crowd of supporters on Sunday "we did it together. Thanks to everyone. Now there will be no pathetic speeches, I just want to say - thank you."

Euronews was at Zelensky's campaign headquarters earlier on Sunday. See the atmosphere in the video below.

Ukraine chooses its next president today and the man poised to win is a comedian whose only political experience is playing the role of president in a TV show. We are at his unusual campaign headquarters in the Ukrainian capital where there’s an open bar, games and camera crews from around the world.

Publiée par Euronews English sur Dimanche 21 avril 2019
The 41-year-old comedian led the first round of voting three weeks ago which listed 39 candidates on the ballot paper.

Zelensky and Poroshenko met in an unconventional debate at a football stadium in Kyiv on Friday after the comedian challenged the incumbent president to a debate on social media. Both have pledged to keep Ukraine on a pro-Western course.

The actor is best known for playing an ordinary teacher who is unexpectedly elected to the presidency after an angry rant about corruption was posted online by his students.

However, Poroshenko, who has been the leader since 2014, has warned his opponent's lack of experience would leave Ukraine vulnerable to Russia.

The country has been fighting a war against Russian-backed forces in the east and whoever is confirmed as the next president will also inherit the West's standoff with Russia following Moscow's annexation of Crimea.

Zelensky has proved popular with his campaign to end corruption, ramp up living standards, and end the war in the eastern Donbass region but he has not overtly specified how he intends to do so in the election campaign.

However, on Sunday he said he planned to continue European-backed talks with Russia on a largely unimplemented peace deal and would try to free Ukrainians imprisoned in Russia, which is holding 24 Ukrainian sailors among others

European leaders Emmanuel Macron and British foreign minister Jeremy Hunt congratulated the comedian. European Council President Donald Tusk also welcomed the apparent victory in a tweet.

Copyright: Reuters 



North Macedonia's pro-Western candidate has narrowly won the first round of a presidential poll which comes amid deep divisions over the country's name change under a deal with Greece.

Stevo Pendarovski won with 42.6% of the votes, according to results on the State Election Commission website, which is based on 74% of counted votes.

Pendarovski's rival opposition candidate Gordana Siljanovska-Davkova came second with 41.6% of the vote. They will face each other in a run-off vote on May 5.

However, the State election commission put voter turnout at just 39%.

Pendarovski is a candidate from the governing SDSM coalition and a former adviser on national security in the Presidential Cabinet. He has adopted the campaign slogan of 'Together Forward' and is attempting to mobilise support across the ethnic divides of North Macedonia.

Pendarovski is a firm supporter of the Prespa Agreement, the accord which saw the Republic of Macedonia become North Macedonia, which could see the country gaining membership in NATO and the EU.

His pro-European message is being countered by Gordana Siljanovska Davkova, the candidate from the right-wing VMRO-DPMNE. The University Professor is playing to a significant crowd of Macedonians who are against by the Prespa Agreement, adopting the slogan 'Justice for Macedonia'. She has called for the Prespa Agreement to be changed and has called it “degrading”.

However, analysts have said the low voter turnout on Sunday reflects the disillusion among young voters about the government's failure to tackle high unemployment and attract foreign investment.

Reported by : Hue Gey


At least Fifteen policemen were injured Sunday in clashes with protestors over the construction of a hydroelectric power plant in the Pankisi Valley of Georgia, according to Interior Minister Giorgi Gakharia.

In a press statement, the minister said special forces from the police had to respond after protesters began throwing stones at them.

It was later reported that special forces units had left the valley after the authorities reached an agreement with the parents on the suspension of the construction of the Khaduri-3 power plant on the Al-Azani River and the withdrawal of security forces from the area.

According to the media, the total number of injured Hara clashes was close to 50 people, mostly security personnel, who were transferred to the hospital 8, in addition to setting fire to a number of police cars and tractor used to build the station.

According to Euro news said that About 300 residents of the Pankisi gorge gathered near the village of Birkiani in Georgia to protest against the construction of a hydropower plant, saying it could damage the environment and force them to leave their homes in the mountainous region.

Some demonstrators threw stones at police, according to the independent Rustavi-2 TV station, which also reported police used tear gas and rubber bullets to break up the protests.
Several residents suffered minor injuries from rubber bullets and some police officers were hurt

.Source: Agencies

Written  by : Dr Abdul Rehem Rehan 

translated and Edited by : Abeer Almadawy 

The monasticism spread in the Sinai and helped to encourage the holy places where the Mount of Sharia and the places passed by the Prophet of God and the places passed by the Holy Family. The availability of building materials of different stones and the mud of the flood operations in the Sinai helped to spread monastic structures and multiplicity. The hardship monks bring these materials from far away places.

The monasticism spread over Sinai in three stages;

The first, is the phase of the individual who is cut off from worship. He is the monk who takes his own silo. He closes the door with either a key or a stone. These silos were discovered in many places around the Holy Mountain and in the area of ​​Retho. The third region of South Sinai revealed the effects of the Islamic and Coptic in the excavations of the season of April - June 1998 and the season of January - February 2002 about two of the first two communities in Sinai close to each other Wadi Valley area of ​​Sinai 9 km southeast of the city of Sinai

The second stage ,phase is the stage of collective communion, the simple stage of the monastic congregations, where a number of martyans and sheikhs set up in individual establishments and then meet on holidays and on Saturday and Sunday in a public place of services and food.

The third stage ,is the diaronic system established by St. Pachomius in the fourth century AD The status of this monastic life was organized and its methods in its image

El Wadi Monastery in Sinai

Located in the village of El-Wadi, which is 6 km north of the turn, which is the monastery that is registered as a result of the decision No. 987 of 2009, the only monastery in Sinai, which retains all its architectural elements from the sixth century until now and was built by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century for the same reasons as the monastery of Catherine, And the security of the border has been built of limestone and sandstone trimmed and layout rectangle area of ​​92 m long 53 m width and has a defensive wall width of 1.50 m and supported by eight towers square four in the corners and two in each of the northern and southern ribs and the houses and guest rooms behind the wall M A group in groups headed by a canopy and matched by other groups in the northeastern and south-eastern part of the monastery

The rectangular chambers are 92 m long and 53 m wide, with four churches and an olive grove and 96 rooms located behind the walls of the monastery on two floors. These rooms are one for monks and the other are rooms for Christian worshipers who come to the monastery to stay in the monastery and visit the holy places in the spring before going to St. Catherine's Monastery and then to Jerusalem Christians are holed up on Sinai from all over the world and they are safe and secure in the light of the Islamic tolerance of Islamic governments

Churches of the Holy Family Road in North Sinai

The road of the Holy Family in Sinai extends from Rafah to Al-Faramah. Ostracini was located at the eastern end of Lake Bardawil, 3 km from the Mediterranean coast. 30 km west of Al-Arish, one of the road stations. Against the invasion of the Persians Ostracini was one of the areas where the fortresses were erected and the buildings in his reign reached the sea and the city became the center of an important religious chapel

Ostracini occupies an important strategic location where he meets the sea road that passes through Casium and Plumium (Ferma) and the Great War Road which passes through Qatia and Qantara and revealed three churches representing various architectural styles and the most important characteristic of the presence of the Atrium is a square courtyard leading the church had several functions including blocking Street noise from the church hall and feeding the poor and education through the question and answer and sometimes to bury the dead

It also revealed a complex of churches in the ancient city of Ferma, which includes several styles including the orthogonal church, the Church of Rotanda (circular), baptism and the churches of a basilica-style hill

Church of the island of Pharaoh in Taba

Located in an Islamic castle revealed by the area of ​​the effects of the Sinai Sinai for the effects of Islamic and Coptic season of excavations 1988 - 1989 Pharaoh Island is located at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba 250 m from the coast of Sinai 10 km from the port of Aqaba and revealed the whole church with its basilica and Christian inscriptions dates back to the sixth century AD where the Emperor Justinian The 6th century was a lighthouse on the island of Pharaoh to guide merchant ships in the Gulf of Aqaba. The church was built of limestone and a lattice, a small basilica with many rooms on the western side of the original building fabric, giving irregular shape to the church and leaving it Commander Salah al-Din as it is when the construction of his castle famous on the island of Pharaoh Tababa and maintained by the soldiers of the Ayyubid garrison inside the castle until it was discovered

Church of the Transfiguration of St. Catherine Monastery      

The church was built with huge stones of sculpted granite 40 m long and includes the Church of the Holy Slaughter and its width 19.20 m. The churches include the sub-churches and several extensions were added to it. It is accessed via a corridor in front of the entrance hall and is accessed through Narzex. 11 m and the eastern wall of Narzex there is a wooden door of the sixth century AD of the Lebanese cedar wood leads to the Basilica and was dedicated to the entry of monks, the Christian holy and visitors to the monastery were entering the northern door of the church leading to the northern wing and then walk in the wing To the north towards the east to the Church of the burning bush and then return to the South Wing

The Basilica is made up of three wings, the widest of which is the middle. The side rooms and the arches have been added. The wings are separated by two rows of columns in each row of six columns. The column is made of one granite stone. The columns have semicircular columns topped by a row of windows.

The hall is made of wood and wooden belt, which carries this truss from the sixth century AD and the foundation inscription for the monastery. This wooden belt was covered with a flat roof in the 18th century.

The temple is separated from the hall by a marble veil and the upper part of it is an econostasis of wood covered with gold plates. A Greek text is written on its door. The Holy Sanctuary was made on Crete in August 1612 in the reign of Pontius the Pontius,




Reported by Dr. Abdul Rahim Rehan

A new study by Dr. Hana Saad El-Tantawy Archaeological at the Ministry of Antiquities under the title "Obstetrics and Gynecology in Ancient Egypt" confirmed that the ancient Egyptian known family planning through many prescriptions used by women to kill sperm which leads to temporary sterility in women

Dr. Hana Saad Al-Tantawi pointed out that the ancient Egyptian doctor knew everything related to the reproductive system of women during pregnancy and childbirth and the person who diseases the uterus and breast and treat them and found out whether the woman will be born or not using garlic, by placing a garlic clove in the woman's vagina, , If the smell of garlic from her mouth, she will give birth, and if it does not show the smell of garlic, it will not give birth, because garlic contains volatile oils called (Alysin) The old Egyptian found that each opening in the body of women connected to the other, these volatile oils enter the cervix To the uterus to the fallopian tube and then to the peritoneal cavity If the smell of garlic in the mouth means that the tubes of the fallopian tube and can reproduce, and if not smell garlic, it means that the tubes fallopian tube is blocked, and that this woman Can not give birth, which is now known as pigmentation

Dr. Hana Saad Al-Tantawi explained that the old Egyptian succeeded in knowing the type of the fetus by placing the urine of the pregnant woman on barley and wheat to know the type of embryo starting from the fourth month. If barley grows, the baby will be male and if the wheat grows, the female will be born and if they do not grow, Experience shows that the ancient Egyptian knew that the pregnant woman's urine had hormones.

The study pointed out the ancient Egyptian knowledge of the poisoning of pregnancy, motherhood, artificial excision, cesarean delivery, and the proper condition of natural birth in order to facilitate birth and reduce pain, and that the famous Ankh sign (key of life) is a representation of the sperm infiltration of the egg. Greek and Roman "Mamizi" There are Mamizi Temple of Phila, the temple of Edfu and the temple of Dandra and pictures of the birth chair in the temple of Kom Ombo

She also explained that the ancient Egyptian knew anesthesia and bang. They were the first to use the acupuncture anesthesia, which is what is now called the Chinese needle. Thus, the ancient Egyptian discovered the presence of the nerves under the skin directly. This is confirmed by the modern science. It also used surgical threading and was made from the intestines of the cat. Precise conveyors Surgical images on the temple walls of Kom Ombo have also been identified as fetal status by finding a mummy in fetal position


  The Arabic Spring touched his crisis The republic of north Sudan who ended recently on the ruling of the dictator  president Omar Hassan al-Bashir by a military coup after 20 years ....But it is not the end of the way as the Sudanese are careful to get rid of all the outset president regime. It wasn’t enough to satisfy Sudanese protesters to make new council of the military so today the leader of the protesters announced his cut off his ties and talk with the council as they confirmed that there are some factors belong to the old regime.

Now, they are calling for the end of the entire regime that Omar Elbashir built and that kept him in power for so long.

in the video there is an explanation for what is happened in Sudan and to where they are going to reach .

To understand how this all unfolded, let’s go back to December 19th, 2018 in Sudan. Hundreds of demonstrators took to the streets in the northeastern city of Atbara and in other cities to protest the continued worsening of the country’s economy under al-Bashir.

Inflation had recently skyrocketed to nearly 70% and the price of food had risen dramatically as well.

The protests continued to grow and in April, tens of thousands of anti-government protesters made their way to the capital city Khartoum, where protesters surrounded the army headquarters and made history. The protests became the longest sustained demonstration in Sudan… since it gained independence in 1956.

The military started violently cracking down on the protesters. But things started to change… when some Sudanese soldiers began protecting the anti-government protesters.

This marked the beginning of what would be the end of al-Bashir’s rule. The military turned its back on al-Bashir, poetically ending his presidency in a coup... the same way he gained power in 1989.

But it didn’t end there because that still doesn’t seem to be enough for those protesters demanding real change.

Page 7 of 76

About us

 Castle Journal is an international newspaper with daily electronic edition, received the international license by the United Kingdom number 10675, and accredited by the Egyptian Embassy in London, owned by Abeer Almadawy

Castle Journal expresses on the free and human voice specialized in the diplomatic, cultural and scientific media, it is eager to create a close relationship with the readers, who is our priority and considers them a true partner.

Castle Journal holds all the permits for practicing its duties of journalism in all countries of the world and the international organizations